OECD published their Education at a Glance 2016 report stating that OECD countries must step up their efforts to improve the quality and equity of their education systems. The report measures ─ for the first time ─ countries’ efforts to achieve “inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all”. Read the press release.
Average expenditure of OECD countries on public and private educational institutions from primary to tertiaty education amounts to 5.2% of GDP, compared with 4% in the Czech Republic and 6.7% in the UK (top performer).
As for the Czech Republic, 35% of tertiaty-educated adults studied engineering, manufacturing or construction, whereas 15% completed teacher training or studied education science (data from 2012 or 2015). Expenditures per student by educational institutions have risen since 2005, most notably expenditures by tertiary educational institutions. Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP has not changed significantly since 2005, the report shows.
OECD Country report highlights, among others:
- The enrolment rates in early childhood education are relatively low (12% of 2-year/olds and 68% of 3-year-olds). Public expenditures on early childhood education amount to 0.5% of GDP, compared with the OECD average of 0.8%.
- On average, Czech teachers are older and paid less.
- Over recent years, student international mobility has increased drastically.
- As of 2015, 22% of 25-64 year-olds in the Czech Republic had attained tertiary education, which is lower than the OECD average of 35%.
- Compared with a full-time, full-year worker who has attained upper secondary education, tertiary educated Czechs in 2013 earned almost twice as much, or 92% more.
- Women make up a higher proportion (more than 60%) of graduates from tertiary institutions than men.
- Female enrolment in science, technology, engineering and mathematics courses is low, espcially in engineering and manufacturing.
- Women earn less than men at all levels of educational attainment.
Read details in Czech in an article by the ihned.cz portal.
2nd March 2021