Recently published Eurostat data report widespread increase in the availability of imaging equipment over several decades. The number of CT scans relative to population size increased across the EU and all Member States for which data are available reported an increase between 2009 and 2014 in their respective number of PET scans relative to the size of population, for example.
According to Eurostat, the availability of operating theatres in hospitals relative to population size decreased in Luxembourg (2010–14), Malta, the Czech Republic, Cyprus (2008–14), Austria, Slovenia (2010–14), and the United Kingdom, remained stable in Hungary (2009–12) and Italy (2009-13), and increased in seven EU Member States, most notably in Latvia
The availability of equipment for diagnosis increased rapidly in most EU Member States over recent decades. For example, in Finland the number of computed tomography (CT) scanners in 2014 was 117, compared with just 23 some 30 years earlier, while in Hungary the number increased from 3 to 78 from 1984 to 2013. In the 20 years between 1994 and 2014 the number of MRI units increased in the Czech Republic from 7 to 78, in Finland from 17 to 127 and in the Netherlands from 38 (in 1993) to 217. Over the most recent decade, between 2004 and 2014, the most notable increases were for positron emission tomography scanner units (PET) scanners, for example, their number increased in France from 15 to 108.
Greece (2013 data) and Cyprus reported the most mammography units relative to population size in 2014. The lowest availability of mammography units was in the Czech Republic, Estonia, Luxembourg and Romania. The largest increase in availability between 2009 and 2014 was in Greece, while the largest decrease was in Luxembourg.
More than half of the Member States reported an increase in their respective number of radiation therapy units relative to population size between 2009 and 2014, with small decreases reported for several Member States; among them the number of units decreased only in Romania, the Czech Republic and Cyprus, for the rest of the countries the ratio fell due to increases in population size.
In 2014, Denmark recorded by far the largest number of PET scans per 100 000 inhabitants of any EU Member State. All Member States for which data are available reported an increase between 2009 and 2014 in their respective number of PET scans relative to the size of population. The most intensive use of PET scanners was in the Czech Republic and Hungary (2013 data), where an average of 4.0 thousand and 3.6 thousand scans were performed per PET scanner respectively, at least double the average of all other Member States for which this ratio is available with the exceptions of France (hospitals only), Poland, Austria (hospitals only), Luxembourg and Bulgaria. The least intensive use was in Lithuania, Malta (2013 data), Finland and Germany (hospitals only) where there were fewer than 350 scans on average per PET scanner.
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