According to recently published Eurostat data, in 2015, almost 76.5 million people in the EU-28 aged from 15 to 74 were employed in science and technology. In the same year, 71.1 million people in the EU-28 in the 25 to 64 age bracket were employed in science and technology, an increase of 2.2% compared to 2014. 55 % of this broad group were 'professionals', and 45 % ‘technicians’.
Romania, with 72.4 %, reported the highest proportion of professionals. Other Member States with more than 65 % professionals were Lithuania (71.9 %), Greece (69.3 %), Luxembourg (67.7 %), the United Kingdom (67.5 %), Ireland (65.7 %), Bulgaria (65.6 %) and Slovenia (65.3 %),. The ‘professionals’ subgroup includes a special category of interest, ‘scientists and engineers’, covering people employed in science and engineering, health and information and communications technology. Among the ‘technicians’ subgroup, six Member States (Austria, the Czech Republic, France, Italy, Germany and Slovakia) account for more than 50 % (but less than 60 %) of those employed in science and technology.
In the Czech Republic, 30.2% of women aged 25-64 with a university-level education and employed as professionals and technicians in science and technology are employed in the manufacturing sector and 54.1% of them are employed in the services sector.
13th December 2018
22nd February 2019
24th April 2019