In 2014, the least energy-imports-dependent Member States were Estonia (8.9%), Denmark (12.8%) and Romania (17.0%), followed by Poland (28.6%), the Czech Republic (30.4%), Sweden (32.0%), the Netherlands (33.8%) and Bulgaria (34.5%). At the opposite end of the scale, the highest energy dependence rates were registered in Malta (97.7%), Luxembourg (96.6%), Cyprus (93.4%), Ireland (85.3%), Belgium (80.1%) and Lithuania (77.9%).
At the same time, the Czech Republic is the only Member State recording a peak of its energy dependency in 2014, Eurostat announced.
Energy dependency in the EU was higher in 2014 than in 1990, but slightly lower than its highest point recorded in
2008. The evolution of EU energy dependency has not been constant between 1990 and 2014, however, it has
continuously stood above 50% since 2004, according to the Eurostat.
Also, Eurostat released data on the share of energy from energy resources. The figures for the Czech Republic increased from 5.9% in 2004 to 13.4% in 2014. The target set for 2020 is a share of 13%. The national targets take into account the Member States' different starting points, renewable energy potential and economic performance. Among the 28 EU Member States, a third have already reached the level required to meet their national 2020 targets: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Croatia, Italy, Lithuania, Romania, Finland and Sweden. Moreover, Denmark and Austria are less than 1 percentage point from their 2020 targets. At the opposite end of the scale, France (8.7 percentage points from reaching its national 2020 objective), the Netherlands (8.5 pp), the United Kingdom (8.0 pp) and Ireland (7.4 pp) are the furthest away from their targets, Eurostat data show. Read a commentary by the hlidacipes.org server here.
Look at Eurostat data on energy saving.
14th May 2020
16th January 2020
27th February 2020