Currently available data on fertility released by the Czech Ministry of Health show there are around 43 newborns per 1,000 women. This is a significant fall compared with 1990 and the trend is ever stronger. "We are producing more and more things and less and less children," demographer Tomáš Fiala says. Find out more on current demographic and related economic and political challenges in an interview with demographer at the University of Economics in Prague Tomáš Fiala (Čechů se rodí stále méně - Less and less newborn Czechs) and in an interview with egyptologist professor Miroslav Bárta.
During the period from 2014 to 2080 the share of the population of working age is expected to decline steadily through until 2050 before stabilising somewhat, while older persons will likely account for an increasing share of the total population: those aged 65 years or over will account for 28.7 % of the EU-28’s population by 2080, compared with 18.5 % in 2014. As a result of the population movement between age groups, the EU-28’s old-age dependency ratio is projected to almost double from 28.1 % in 2014 to 51.0 % by 2080. The total age dependency ratio is projected to rise from 51.8 % in 2014 to 77.9 % by 2080. Read more in the Eurostat latest Population structure and aging statistics.